There are at least two reasons, why a person can not stay nearby his or her dwelling for a long time during the flood. First of all, it is the absence of secure shelter providing protection from the water; the second reason is that the existing shelters are not capable to keep the thermal balance suitable for the round the clock residence of people. Food and water are not so important, as the safe and warm shelter! The chances to stay alve alive rise dramatically if such shelter can be delivered urgently by air transport, boat, or put nearby the dwelling beforehand. Especially in those areas which are hard accessible for the rescue services. The offered construction of the rescue pod makes those problems solvable.
In the assembled (transportable) condition the rescue pod is capsuled, to transform it into working condition you need to open the valve of the container with compressed gas, located in the lower part of the pod. The capsule with the pod iside weighs not more than 50 kg and can be decreased considerably if the modern nano-materials are used. The spread out of the pod from assembled to working condition takes several minutes, right after it people can be accomodated inside the pod and on the outer perimeter of the extentional basis. The buoyancy of the rescue pod allows to arrange up to 18 people outside and 12 inside (the average weight taken — 80 kg).
The capsule has the solid body, which allows to drop it from up to 50 meters.
The rescue pod is pushed out of the capsule under pressure, filled with air and goes into its working codition. Outside the pod there are “ears”.
The construction of the rescue pod allows to gather and collect rain water. The dome of the pod, which provides water collecting, is a funnellike roof with the water collector in the center of the pod. The water comes into the capsule through the viahole in the telescopic bar and piston. The handles control the capsule filling: as soon as they touch upon the central floater, the piston under the head of water begins to raise the bar, transferring the funnel into a cone. The rain water collecting stops automatically. Thus, the pod can independently both collect rain water and stop this process. The volume of collected water is about 100 liters. Collected water can be used for household needs. There are also water filters which allow to use rain water for drinking. The access to collected water is accomplished via plug calottes in the piston.
The pod is ventilated through the passages supplied with waterresistant shutters. Every passage has two shutters which ensure thermoinsulation of the inside part of the rescue pod. The dome of the pod has transparent segments to allow the daylight in. In the corners of the inside walls there are water-resistant pockets with life-saving equipment, such as first aid kit, grocery set of prolonged storage, mobile phone with solar battery accumulator, flashlights, warm clothes, plaids.
During the freshats ans especially at the high rise of water the stream carries a lot of garbage, trees and various debris, which can cause damage to inflatable elements of the pod. To ptotect the construction from loss of pressure there are six indpendent contours. Every one provides the inflation of one part of the pod’s basis, one wall, one matress and ⅙ of the central floater. All the inflated parts of the pod have valves. This doublelevel protection from destruction allows to localize depressurization of inflatable elements of the rescue pod.
The disaster can be so sudden and destructive that the outer hull of the rescue pod may not resist. That is the reason why in addition to its ability to unfold rapidly and stay steadily on water surface to receive people in distress and to provide them long-term stay, the rescue pod has an emergency shuttle.
Technical facilities of rescue services can carry out the the refuelling of the gas bottle and pod maintenance. It means that the rescue pod is reusable and can be easiy delivered to disaster scenes once and again.
The range of daily temperature drop, which can endanger human lives in a disaster, depends mainly on climatic zone and the season. Design philosophy of the rescue pod can be shaped to characteristics of definite external environment on the stage of production or even usage.
The design of the rescue pod is unique and has no analogues all over the world, it is protected by the Copyright patent. Undoubtedly its use will allow to save lives and health of numerous people.